Welcome!

IoT User Interface Authors: Elizabeth White, Yakov Fain, John Basso, Derek Weeks, Asim Saddal

Blog Feed Post

What are you waiting for?

The future of HTTP is here, or almost here.   It has been 5 years since SPDY was first introduced as a better way to deliver web sites.  A lot has happened since then. 

  • Chrome, Firefox, Opera and some IE installations support SPDY.
  • SPDY evolved from v2 to v3 to v3.1.
  • Sites like Google, Facebook, Twitter, and Wordpress to name just a few are available via SPDY.
  • F5 announced availability of a SPDY Gateway.
  • The IETF HTTP working group announced SPDY is the starting point for HTTP/2.
  • And most recently - Apple has announced that Safari 8, due out this fall,  will support SPDY!  This means that all major browsers will support SPDY by the end of the year.  

By the end of the year all major browsers will support SPDY, and the IETF is scheduled to have the HTTP/2 draft finalized.  This week the IETF working group published the latest draft of the HTTP/2 spec.  The hope is that this will be the version that becomes the proposed RFC.  

The Internet Explorer team  posted a blog at the end of May indicating that they have HTTP/2 in development for a future version of IE, there is no commitment whether this will be in IE 12 or another version but they are preparing for the shift.  We at F5, have been following the evolution of the spec and developing prototypes based on the various interoperability drafts to make sure we are ready as soon as possible to implement an HTTP/2 gateway.   So what are you waiting for, why are you not using SPDY on your site?

Using SPDY today allows you to see how HTTP/2 may potentially impact your applications and infrastructure.   HTTP/2 is not a new protocol, there are no changes to the HTTP semantics and it does not obsolete the existing HTTP/1.1 message syntax.   If it’s not a new protocol and it doesn’t obsolete HTTP/1.1 what is HTTP/2 exactly?  Per the draft’s abstract:

This specification describes an optimized expression of the syntax of
   the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).  HTTP/2 enables a more
   efficient use of network resources and a reduced perception of
   latency by introducing header field compression and allowing multiple
   concurrent messages on the same connection.  It also introduces
   unsolicited push of representations from servers to clients.

   This specification is an alternative to, but does not obsolete, the
   HTTP/1.1 message syntax.  HTTP's existing semantics remain unchanged.

HTTP/2 allows communication to occur with less data transmitted over the network and with the ability to send multiple requests and responses across a single connection, out of order and interleaved – oh yeah and all over SSL.  

Let’s look at these in a little more detail.  Sending less data has always been a good thing but just how much improvement can be achieved by compressing headers.     It turns out quite a bit.    Headers have a lot of repetitive information in them: the cookies, encoding types, cache settings to name just a few.  With all this repetitive information compression can really help.    Looking at the amount of downloaded data for a web page delivered over HTTP and over SPDY we can see just how much savings can be achieved.   Below is a sample of 10 objects delivered over HTTP and SPDY, the byte savings result in a total savings of 1762 bytes.   That doesn’t sound like much but we’re only talking about 10 objects.  The average home page now has close to 100 objects on it, and I’m sure the total number of hits to your website is well over that number.   If your website gets 1 million hits a day then extrapolating this out the savings become 168 MB, if the hits are closer to 10 million the savings nears 1.7 GB.   Over the course of a month or a year these savings will start to add up.  

  HTTP SPDY Byte Savings
https://.../SitePages/Home.aspx 29179 29149 30
https://.../_layouts/1033/core.js 84457 84411 46
https://.../_layouts/sp.js 71834 71751 83
https://.../_layouts/sp.ribbon.js 57999 57827 172
https://.../_layouts/1033/init.js 42055 41864 191
https://.../_layouts/images/fgimg.png 20478 20250 228
https://.../_layouts/images/homepageSamplePhoto.jpg 16935 16704 231
https://.../ScriptResource.axd 27854 27617 237
https://.../_layouts/images/favicon.ico 5794 5525 269
https://.../_layouts/blank.js 496 221 275

SPDY performed header compression via deflate, this was discovered to be vulnerable to CRIME attacks, as a result HTTP/2 uses HPACK header compression, an HTTP header specific compression scheme which is not vulnerable to CRIME.  

The next element to examine is the ability to send multiple requests and response across a single connection, out of order and interleaved.  We all know that latency can have a big impact on page load times and the end user experience.  This is why HTTP 1.1 allowed for keep-alives, eliminating the need to perform a three way handshake for each and every request.   After keep alives came, domain sharding  and browsers eventually changed the default behavior to allow more than 2 concurrent TCP connections.  The downside of multiple TCP connections is having to conduct the three way handshake multiple times, wouldn’t things be easier if all requests could just be sent over a single TCP connection.  This is what HTTP/2 provides, and not only that the responses can be returned in a different order in which they were reqeusted. 

 

HTTP2

Now onto the SSL component.  HTTP/2 requires strong crypto –128 bit EC or 2048 bit RSA.  This requirement will be enforced by browsers and cannot be disabled.   With the ever growing number of attacks having SSL everywhere is a good thing but there are performance and reporting ramifications to encrypting all data.  Organizations that deploy solutions to monitor, classify and analyze Internet traffic may no longer be able to do so.  

All the changes coming in HTTP/2 have the potential to impact how an application is rendered and how infrastructure components will react.   What are the consequences of having all requests and responses transmitted over SSL, can the network support 50 concurrent requests for objects, does the page render properly for the end user if objects are received out of order?  On the positive you could end up with improved page load times and a reduction in the amount of data transferred, stop waiting and start enabling the future of the web today.  

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Dawn Parzych

Dawn Parzych is a Technical Product Marketing Manager at Instart Logic. Dawn has had a passion for web performance for over 15 years with a focus on how to make the web faster. As a technical product marketing manager at Instart Logic, she researches and writes about trends in the web performance space and how they impact the user experience. Prior to joining Instart Logic, Dawn worked at F5 Networks, Gomez & Empirix.

@CloudExpo Stories
With so much going on in this space you could be forgiven for thinking you were always working with yesterday’s technologies. So much change, so quickly. What do you do if you have to build a solution from the ground up that is expected to live in the field for at least 5-10 years? This is the challenge we faced when we looked to refresh our existing 10-year-old custom hardware stack to measure the fullness of trash cans and compactors.
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions wi...
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is expected in the amount of information being processed, managed, analyzed, and acted upon by enterprise IT. This amazing is not part of some distant future - it is happening today. One report shows a 650% increase in enterprise data by 2020. Other estimates are even higher....
Identity is in everything and customers are looking to their providers to ensure the security of their identities, transactions and data. With the increased reliance on cloud-based services, service providers must build security and trust into their offerings, adding value to customers and improving the user experience. Making identity, security and privacy easy for customers provides a unique advantage over the competition.
Qosmos has announced new milestones in the detection of encrypted traffic and in protocol signature coverage. Qosmos latest software can accurately classify traffic encrypted with SSL/TLS (e.g., Google, Facebook, WhatsApp), P2P traffic (e.g., BitTorrent, MuTorrent, Vuze), and Skype, while preserving the privacy of communication content. These new classification techniques mean that traffic optimization, policy enforcement, and user experience are largely unaffected by encryption. In respect wit...
SYS-CON Events announced today that 910Telecom will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Housed in the classic Denver Gas & Electric Building, 910 15th St., 910Telecom is a carrier-neutral telecom hotel located in the heart of Denver. Adjacent to CenturyLink, AT&T, and Denver Main, 910Telecom offers connectivity to all major carriers, Internet service providers, Internet backbones and ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Pulzze Systems will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Pulzze Systems, Inc. provides infrastructure products for the Internet of Things to enable any connected device and system to carry out matched operations without programming. For more information, visit http://www.pulzzesystems.com.
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
Data is an unusual currency; it is not restricted by the same transactional limitations as money or people. In fact, the more that you leverage your data across multiple business use cases, the more valuable it becomes to the organization. And the same can be said about the organization’s analytics. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Bill Schmarzo, CTO for the Big Data Practice at EMC, will introduce a methodology for capturing, enriching and sharing data (and analytics) across the organizati...
DevOps at Cloud Expo – being held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises – and delivering real results. Am...
Traditional on-premises data centers have long been the domain of modern data platforms like Apache Hadoop, meaning companies who build their business on public cloud were challenged to run Big Data processing and analytics at scale. But recent advancements in Hadoop performance, security, and most importantly cloud-native integrations, are giving organizations the ability to truly gain value from all their data. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, David Tishgart, Director of Product Marketing ...
Fact: storage performance problems have only gotten more complicated, as applications not only have become largely virtualized, but also have moved to cloud-based infrastructures. Storage performance in virtualized environments isn’t just about IOPS anymore. Instead, you need to guarantee performance for individual VMs, helping applications maintain performance as the number of VMs continues to go up in real time. In his session at Cloud Expo, Dhiraj Sehgal, Product and Marketing at Tintri, wil...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - comp...
StarNet Communications Corp has announced the addition of three Secure Remote Desktop modules to its flagship X-Win32 PC X server. The new modules enable X-Win32 to safely tunnel the remote desktops from Linux and Unix servers to the user’s PC over encrypted SSH. Traditionally, users of PC X servers deploy the XDMCP protocol to display remote desktop environments such as the Gnome and KDE desktops on Linux servers and the CDE environment on Solaris Unix machines. XDMCP is used primarily on comp...
SYS-CON Events announced today Telecom Reseller has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Telecom Reseller reports on Unified Communications, UCaaS, BPaaS for enterprise and SMBs. They report extensively on both customer premises based solutions such as IP-PBX as well as cloud based and hosted platforms.
SYS-CON Events announced today that StarNet Communications will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. StarNet Communications’ FastX is the industry first cloud-based remote X Windows emulator. Using standard Web browsers (FireFox, Chrome, Safari, etc.) users from around the world gain highly secure access to applications and data hosted on Linux-based servers in a central data center. ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Adobe has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Adobe is changing the world though digital experiences. Adobe helps customers develop and deliver high-impact experiences that differentiate brands, build loyalty, and drive revenue across every screen, including smartphones, computers, tablets and TVs. Adobe content solutions are used daily by millions of co...
Why do your mobile transformations need to happen today? Mobile is the strategy that enterprise transformation centers on to drive customer engagement. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Roger Woods, Director, Mobile Product & Strategy – Adobe Marketing Cloud, covered key IoT and mobile trends that are forcing mobile transformation, key components of a solid mobile strategy and explored how brands are effectively driving mobile change throughout the enterprise.
Pulzze Systems was happy to participate in such a premier event and thankful to be receiving the winning investment and global network support from G-Startup Worldwide. It is an exciting time for Pulzze to showcase the effectiveness of innovative technologies and enable them to make the world smarter and better. The reputable contest is held to identify promising startups around the globe that are assured to change the world through their innovative products and disruptive technologies. There w...