Welcome!

AJAX & REA Authors: Jason Bloomberg, Jaime Ryan, Kevin Benedict, Sandi Mappic, Matthew Lobas

Blog Feed Post

Poor In-building Coverage Leaves Valuable Licensed Spectrum Under-utilized

Signals Research Group Finds Outdoor Macro RAN Unable to Provide Coverage and Capacity Requirements of Businesses and Public buildings

San Jose, California, February 25, 2013 SpiderCloud Wireless, Inc., a leading provider of scalable small cell Enterprise Radio Access Network (E-RAN) systems to mobile operators, today announced the results of a research study by Signals Research Group into the utilization of licensed spectrum in range of in-building environments, including college and enterprise campuses, high-rise buildings, shopping malls, hotels and airports. The research found that as much as 88% of an operator's licensed spectrum was underutilized in enterprise campus buildings, while on upper floors of high rise buildings a mobile device could handover as many as 51 times, due to the constantly fluctuating signal strength between all the visible cell sites.

The results of the study reveal the limitations of serving in-building coverage primarily by an outdoor macro network and that coverage inside does not equate to sufficient capacity for an ever-growing demand for always-on broadband. With approximately 80 percent of all mobile voice and data traffic occurring indoors, the in-building mobile data user consumes a disproportionate amount of network resources, requiring the outdoor macro network to assign more resources relative to the outdoor mobile device for a given end-user data rate.

"When operators attempt to use the outdoor macro network to provide in-building coverage and targeted capacity to a relatively small geographic area, this research shows that they are falling short. Their spectrum, which is their most valuable asset and in which they've invested billions of dollars, is not only being under-utilized, in some indoor scenarios isn't being used at all," said Michael Thelander, CEO, Signals Research Group. "However, while there are indoor coverage and capacity alternatives that give the user a range of ways to obtain connectivity, the outdoor user has no other means. It is the RAN or nothing. So, by shifting the in-building mobile voice and data traffic on to an in-building solution, not only is in-building coverage and capacity improved but there is also a direct impact on the capacity of the outdoor macro network."

The construction materials used in a building were also found to have a direct impact on indoor coverage. Signals Research Group found that an unintended consequence of material designed to be more energy efficient was that it was also very effective at blocking RF signals from the outside. The material is designed to keep sunlight out and control air temperature by absorbing large amounts of radiated signals. However, the RF signals from the outdoor macro RAN were also adversely affected.

A range of in-building scenarios were tested by Signals Research Group, including college and enterprise campuses, high-rise buildings, shopping malls, hotels and airports. Highlights of the research results include:

  • Enterprise campus: The utilization of spectrum can vary immensely between buildings on a single campus site. While in some buildings 100% of available spectrum was used, SRG found that in other buildings the utilization rate was as low as just 12%. The combination of lack of an in-building solution and the construction materials used in the building all affected the indoor coverage and capacity - and this is despite the fact that one of the buildings housed over 500 employees and was the global HQ for a universally recognized brand.

  • University campus: In performance tests conducted on a university campus, on average just 30% of the spectrum was utilized indoors. On some floors of the buildings that were tested there was extremely poor or non-existent coverage, while in other buildings it was nearly 100%. Capacity requirements compounded the issue due to the propensity of students with smartphones to consume large amounts of data in a concentrated indoor environment.

  • High-rise building: Sometimes a building can also have too much coverage. High-rise buildings in particular can be exposed to a large number of visible cell sites, causing high interference level. Signals Research Group found that just walking around one floor of a high-rise building could require a mobile device to handover as many as 51 times, due to the constantly fluctuating signal strength between all the cells. This has a direct impact on the performance of the device, significantly impacting battery life. Furthermore, because the device is effectively always operating at the end of a constantly changing cell, throughput is affected in a way that is akin to the cell suffering from limited capacity. Users in a downtown high-rise environment therefore share network resources not only with outdoor users, but also with users in adjacent buildings.

  • Hotels: While larger hotels sometimes have in-building solutions, the experience between hotels was marked. A San Francisco hotel had a spectrum utilization of just 38%, in contrast to a Dallas hotel, which hit 61% spectrum utilization.

Signals Research Group points out that Wi-Fi is not always an adequate alternative to in-building cellular coverage and capacity in the hospitality sector as an acceptable alternative for cellular voice. Voice over Wi-Fi mobility and throughput falls well below the threshold that signifies a good mobile data experience as soon as many users are congregated together and connected to the Wi-Fi service.

"This research proves what people's personal experience of having poor indoor coverage at work or network congestion at the shopping mall is already telling them - the user experience of in-building coverage and capacity is at best mixed and at worst practically non-existent," said Ronny Haraldsvik, CMO, SpiderCloud Wireless. "Not only that, but recent end-user research uncovered that over one third of senior IT managers would be likely to move to a wireless carrier that could guarantee better indoor mobile coverage and capacity. This makes for a coverage and capacity double-whammy. Not only is valuable spectrum being left underutilized, but it is also directly impacting the end-user experience and creating opportunities for subscriber churn."

Scalable Small Cell Systems for Enterprise Deployments by Mobile Operators
SpiderCloud is the first company to offer a true multi-mode access system with 3G, LTE/4G and dual-band Wi-Fi for reliable mobile services indoors for enterprise customers of any size, called an Enterprise Radio Access Network (E-RAN). The E-RAN system consists of a Services Node (SCSN) that can control over 100 self-organizing and multi-access 3G, Wi-Fi and LTE/4G small cells that can be installed in just days using an enterprise-Ethernet Local Area Network (LAN) as managed service by a mobile operator's network. In addition to providing reliable coverage and capacity, the E-RAN with the Services Node includes an Applications Programming Interfaces (API). The API inside the Services Node provides trusted connections to the Radio Nodes and a logical view into all devices on the E-RAN, to enable secure services to any mobile device on the network.

The third-party performance analysis was conducted by Signals Research Group on behalf of SpiderCloud Wireless. The report is available by request from SpiderCloud Wireless.

About Signals Research Group
Signals Research Group (SRG) offers thought-leading field research and consulting services covering the wireless telecommunications industry. It is also the publisher of the Signals Ahead research product. The "no holds barred" approach to conducting research and analysis means that SRG's first and foremost objective is to offer differentiated research products and services. Instead of just capturing market data and analyzing past events, SRG focuses on where the industry will be tomorrow and the technologies and service offerings that will shape its future and not those that defined its past (www.signalsresearch.com).

About SpiderCloud Wireless
SpiderCloud Wireless develops breakthrough, small-cell network platforms that allow mobile operators to deliver unprecedented cellular coverage, capacity and smart applications to enterprises. Wall Street Journal ranked SpiderCloud #5 in its "Top 50 Start-Ups" in the "The Next Big Thing" report. SpiderCloud Wireless is based in San Jose, California and is backed by investors Charles River Ventures, Matrix Partners, Opus Capital and Shasta Ventures. SpiderCloud Wireless is a registered trademark and SmartCloud a trademark of SpiderCloud Wireless, Inc. © 2013 SpiderCloud Wireless, Inc. For more information visit www.spidercloud.com and follow the company on Twitter http://twitter.com/spidercloud_inc

Media Contacts
AxiCom PR
Gemma Greene
+44 208 392 4079
[email protected]

Ronny Haraldsvik
SpiderCloud Wireless
[email protected]
+1 831 224 5043

Michael W. Thelander
Founder and CEO
Signals Research Group
+1.415.613.0704

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By RealWire News Distribution

RealWire is a global news release distribution service specialising in the online media. The RealWire approach focuses on delivering relevant content to the receivers of our client's news releases. As we know that it is only through delivering relevance, that influence can ever be achieved.

Cloud Expo Breaking News
Over the last few years the healthcare ecosystem has revolved around innovations in Electronic Health Record (HER) based systems. This evolution has helped us achieve much desired interoperability. Now the focus is shifting to other equally important aspects – scalability and performance. While applying cloud computing environments to the EHR systems, a special consideration needs to be given to the cloud enablement of Veterans Health Information Systems and Technology Architecture (VistA), i.e., the largest single medical system in the United States.
It’s time to face reality: "Americans are from Mars, Europeans are from Venus," and in today’s increasingly connected world, understanding “inter-planetary” alignments and deviations is mission-critical for cloud. In her session at 15th Cloud Expo, Evelyn de Souza, Data Privacy and Compliance Strategy Leader at Cisco Systems, will discuss cultural expectations of privacy based on new research across these elements.
The Internet of Things is not new. Historically, smart businesses have used its basic concept of leveraging data to drive better decision making and have capitalized on those insights to realize additional revenue opportunities. So, what has changed to make the Internet of Things one of the hottest topics in tech? In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Chris Gray, Director, Embedded and Internet of Things, will discuss the underlying factors that are driving the economics of intelligent systems. Discover how hardware commoditization, the ubiquitous nature of connectivity, and the emergence of Big Data and analysis are providing the pull to meet customer expectations of a widely connected, multi-dimensional universe of people, things, and information.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Esri has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Esri inspires and enables people to positively impact the future through a deeper, geographic understanding of the changing world around them. For more information, visit http://www.esri.com.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloudian, Inc., the leading provider of hybrid cloud storage solutions, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Cloudian is a Foster City, Calif.-based software company specializing in cloud storage. Cloudian HyperStore® is an S3-compatible cloud object storage platform that enables service providers and enterprises to build reliable, affordable and scalable hybrid cloud storage solutions. Cloudian actively partners with leading cloud computing environments including Amazon Web Services, Citrix Cloud Platform, Apache CloudStack, OpenStack and the vast ecosystem of S3 compatible tools and applications. Cloudian's customers include Vodafone, Nextel, NTT, Nifty, and LunaCloud. The company has additional offices in China and Japan.
There will be 50 billion Internet connected devices by 2020. Today, every manufacturer has a propriety protocol and an app. How do we securely integrate these "things" into our lives and businesses in a way that we can easily control and manage? Even better, how do we integrate these "things" so that they control and manage each other so our lives become more convenient or our businesses become more profitable and/or safe? We have heard that the best interface is no interface. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Co-Founder & CTO at Octoblu, Inc., will discuss how these devices generate enough data to learn our behaviors and simplify/improve our lives. What if we could connect everything to everything? I'm not only talking about connecting things to things but also systems, cloud services, and people. Add in a little machine learning and artificial intelligence and now we have something interesting...
After a couple of false starts, cloud-based desktop solutions are picking up steam, driven by trends such as BYOD and pervasive high-speed connectivity. In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Seth Bostock, CEO of IndependenceIT, cuts through the hype and the acronyms, and discusses the emergence of full-featured cloud workspaces that do for the desktop what cloud infrastructure did for the server. He’ll discuss VDI vs DaaS, implementation strategies and evaluation criteria.
Cloud computing started a technology revolution; now DevOps is driving that revolution forward. By enabling new approaches to service delivery, cloud and DevOps together are delivering even greater speed, agility, and efficiency. No wonder leading innovators are adopting DevOps and cloud together! In his session at DevOps Summit, Andi Mann, Vice President of Strategic Solutions at CA Technologies, will explore the synergies in these two approaches, with practical tips, techniques, research data, war stories, case studies, and recommendations.
Cloud Computing is evolving into a Big Three of Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure. Cloud 360: Multi-Cloud Bootcamp, being held Nov 4–5, 2014, in conjunction with 15th Cloud Expo in Santa Clara, CA, delivers a real-world demonstration of how to deploy and configure a scalable and available web application on all three platforms. The Cloud 360 Bootcamp, led by Janakiram MSV, an analyst with Gigaom Research, is the first bootcamp that introduces the core concepts of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) based on the workings of the Big Three platforms – Amazon EC2, Google Compute Engine, and Azure VMs. Bootcamp attendees will get to see the big picture and also receive the knowledge needed to make the best cloud decisions for their business applications and entire enterprise IT organization.
“Distrix fits into the overall cloud and IoT model around software-defined networking. There’s a broad category around software-defined networking that’s focused on data center, and we focus on the WAN,” explained Jay Friedman, President of Distrix, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at the Internet of @ThingsExpo, held June 10-12, 2014, at the Javits Center in New York City. Internet of @ThingsExpo 2014 Silicon Valley, November 4–6, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading IoT industry players in the world.
The Internet of Things promises to transform businesses (and lives), but navigating the business and technical path to success can be difficult to understand. In his session at 15th Internet of @ThingsExpo, Chad Jones, Vice President, Product Strategy of LogMeIn's Xively IoT Platform, will show you how to approach creating broadly successful connected customer solutions using real world business transformation studies including New England BioLabs and more.
Scott Jenson leads a project called The Physical Web within the Chrome team at Google. Project members are working to take the scalability and openness of the web and use it to talk to the exponentially exploding range of smart devices. Nearly every company today working on the IoT comes up with the same basic solution: use my server and you'll be fine. But if we really believe there will be trillions of these devices, that just can't scale. We need a system that is open a scalable and by using the URL as a basic building block, we open this up and get the same resilience that the web enjoys.
“The Internet of Things is a wave that has arrived and it’s growing really fast. The concern at Aria Systems is making sure that people understand the ramifications of their attempts to monetize whatever it is they build on the Internet of Things," explained C Brendan O’Brien, Co-founder and Chief Architect at Aria Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at the Internet of @ThingsExpo, held June 10-12, 2014, at the Javits Center in New York City. Internet of @ThingsExpo 2014 Silicon Valley, November 4–6, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading IoT industry players in the world.
The Internet of Things is a natural complement to the cloud and related technologies such as Big Data, analytics, and mobility. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Joe Weinman will lay out four generic strategies – digital disciplines – to exploit emerging digital technologies for strategic advantage. Joe Weinman has held executive leadership positions at Bell Labs, AT&T, Hewlett-Packard, and Telx, in areas such as corporate strategy, business development, product management, operations, and R&D.
SYS-CON Events announced today that DevOps.com has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's “DevOps Summit at Cloud Expo,” which will take place on June 10–12, 2014, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York. DevOps.com is where the world meets DevOps. It is the largest collection of original content relating to DevOps on the web today Featuring up-to-the-minute news, feature stories, blogs, bylined articles and more, DevOps.com is where the thought leaders of the DevOps movement make their ideas known.