Welcome!

IoT User Interface Authors: Carmen Gonzalez, John Basso, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Greg O'Connor

Related Topics: Agile Computing, Industrial IoT, Open Source Cloud, API Journal, IoT User Interface, Cloud Security

Agile Computing: Blog Post

Using Taxonomy to Drive Online Contextual Advertising with Sophializer

Classifying Web Content to the IAB Taxonomy

It’s a Big Market …
…  online advertising.  There are 10,000 stories and data points about it.  Here are two to give some context to the journey below.  First, global online ad spending is projected by ZenithOptimedia to exceed print ad spend by 2015 (note 1).  This 2015 projected spend figure for online advertising is $132.4 billion.  Second, global online ad revenue is projected by another research agency, Digital TV Research, to hit $143 billion by 2017 (note 2).

These are prodigious amounts of money for companies to spend to connect with customers.  But … surely it’s easy to connect online customers to web content featuring, or suggesting, products? And surely, online is “better”?  Where can, and do, taxonomy-based approaches add value to this dance of moving (emotional and semantic) parts between the intentful consumer poised to shop and the intentful marketer with honed content?

Online Ad Targeting is Easy … so 'They' Say …
Really?  So what might be “easy”?  And, indeed, “better”?  Let’s unbundle these simulacra that look like very fuzzy concepts, and as ontologists and knowledge engineers let’s think our way forward with the concept of “precision”.

So … online is more precise than billboards by freeways?  Lightly stated, online has advantages.  What about magazine print ads vs. online?  Online has potential advantages. But … and this is a very big but … in both these cases (and all others) online depends on connecting potential customers to products, their features, their benefits, their attributes and so on precisely, and with precision that is repeatable and extensible.  Rather than random (random is the most expensive way to advertise and has fallen out of favor).  And, since online copy and online ads are words (including in videos) and are semantically classifiable, and since classifications can be organized into models (taxonomies and ontologies) … then there are advantages to be created through the combination of semantic analysis, categorization and taxonomy.

Now, let’s connect taxonomy, classification, semantics and optimizing online ad targeting.  There are a host of holy grails currently being sought in the web/mobile/social uber-ecosystem.  Some are well found, though not perfect, and are unlikely to traverse through a paradigmatic improvement.  Think ‘search’.  Others are most definitely not found (yet).  Given the size of the market outlined in the first paragraph, the rewards are huge to those with the tools and skillsets that know how to work with semantics, taxonomy/ontology, classification of content to taxonomy, and design of taxonomies to drive online targeting.

New Approaches to Classifying to the IAB Taxonomy with Sophializer
Sophia Search
is a recent entrant into this space.  (I have written about them before here.   Sophia Search’s tool – currently called the ‘Sophializer’ – categorizes any URL to nodes in the Internet Advertising Bureau (IAB) taxonomy.  Sophializer can also classify content of ads (and so create a semantic/conceptual ‘signature’ for each). The IAB Contextual Taxonomy comprises three levels:

  • Tier 1 – 23 nodes
  • Tier 2 – 371 nodes
  • Tier 3 – unspecified and vendor specific

Given that Sophializer categorizes both sides of this content dance – web page and ad – web properties can serve ads to any page automatically using the IAB taxonomy as the cross-mapping conceptual foundation.

Sophializer not only classifies to Tier 1 and Tier 2 it also discovers/generates robust classifications that can be used to customize Tier 3 for individual customers.

Benefits of Using Taxonomy for Ad Targeting
Taxonomy gives a framework to this kind of semantic work.  Essentially, we are cross-mapping both partners of this content dance – content and ad - using the IAB taxonomy  as a “choreographer” of sorts.  Other taxonomies could be used.  In fact, multiple taxonomies could be used – and this would be particularly powerful if these taxonomies were cross-mapped to each other.  For example, if you have content (web page, say, or ad) categorized and mapped to Taxonomy A and Taxonomy A is cross-mapped to the IAB taxonomy … then … you can propagate these ads to content that is already categorized.

Benefits of Using Categorization Tools to Assign Marketing Content to Taxonomy Nodes
There are a number of different methods of assigning content to nodes in any taxonomy –

  • Manually
  • Training sets of documents (training documents are most often manually selected as exemplars)
  • Categorization algorithms that work with semantic tokens

There is more than enough to say on each of these around methods, workflows, best practices and pitfalls for a blog post on each.  But not here.

Sophializer utilizes patented and proprietary algorithms in the core of their categorization engine.  Two fundamental points are worth, briefly, focusing on.  Firstly, different categorization engines use different patented technologies.  “Quality” from different categorizers is (very) variable.  Which is why it is important to carry out “Proofs of Concept” when evaluating this technology.

Secondly, the more semantically rich the taxonomy – e.g. fully enriched with synonyms and other types of evidence terms – the better “quality” one gets with any method of associating content to taxonomy nodes.   Both of these parameters are make-or-break (literally) in using semantics to target online ads.

Learn More 2.0
The Google Display Network is IAB Certified and complies with the top 2 tiers of the IAB Contextual Taxonomy.  You can read details of what Google do here and this also navigates you to the Google mapping to the IAB taxonomy Tier 1 and Tier 2.

Sophia Search currently has a number of engagements on the web that are live.  For example, targeting ads for non-fiction books (from a major publishing house) to news stories (on a pre-eminent news site).  You can contact them for details.

This is not an empty space.  Other companies are also searching for the holy grail of taxonomy-based content targeting mediated by content categorization that works.  See, for example, see ADmantX (http://blog.admantx.com/post/15726823528/a-new-iab-based-taxonomy-and-an...).

This whole space is an excellent example of where the application of the nexus of taxonomy, categorization and semantics will provide stratospheric business benefit.  Grails are waiting to be found here.

Notes
Note 1.  See ZenithOprimedia

The detailed ZenithOptimedia figures can be found here

Note 2.  See Hollywood Reporter

You can download the Digital TV Research press release about these figures here

@CloudExpo Stories
The cloud promises new levels of agility and cost-savings for Big Data, data warehousing and analytics. But it’s challenging to understand all the options – from IaaS and PaaS to newer services like HaaS (Hadoop as a Service) and BDaaS (Big Data as a Service). In her session at @BigDataExpo at @ThingsExpo, Hannah Smalltree, a director at Cazena, provided an educational overview of emerging “as-a-service” options for Big Data in the cloud. This is critical background for IT and data professionals...
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
@GonzalezCarmen has been ranked the Number One Influencer and @ThingsExpo has been named the Number One Brand in the “M2M 2016: Top 100 Influencers and Brands” by Onalytica. Onalytica analyzed tweets over the last 6 months mentioning the keywords M2M OR “Machine to Machine.” They then identified the top 100 most influential brands and individuals leading the discussion on Twitter.
What happens when the different parts of a vehicle become smarter than the vehicle itself? As we move toward the era of smart everything, hundreds of entities in a vehicle that communicate with each other, the vehicle and external systems create a need for identity orchestration so that all entities work as a conglomerate. Much like an orchestra without a conductor, without the ability to secure, control, and connect the link between a vehicle’s head unit, devices, and systems and to manage the ...
More and more brands have jumped on the IoT bandwagon. We have an excess of wearables – activity trackers, smartwatches, smart glasses and sneakers, and more that track seemingly endless datapoints. However, most consumers have no idea what “IoT” means. Creating more wearables that track data shouldn't be the aim of brands; delivering meaningful, tangible relevance to their users should be. We're in a period in which the IoT pendulum is still swinging. Initially, it swung toward "smart for smar...
"We are an all-flash array storage provider but our focus has been on VM-aware storage specifically for virtualized applications," stated Dhiraj Sehgal of Tintri in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 19th Cloud Expo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
In an era of historic innovation fueled by unprecedented access to data and technology, the low cost and risk of entering new markets has leveled the playing field for business. Today, any ambitious innovator can easily introduce a new application or product that can reinvent business models and transform the client experience. In their Day 2 Keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Mercer Rowe, IBM Vice President of Strategic Alliances, and Raejeanne Skillern, Intel Vice President of Data Center Group and G...
"We are a modern development application platform and we have a suite of products that allow you to application release automation, we do version control, and we do application life cycle management," explained Flint Brenton, CEO of CollabNet, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps at 19th Cloud Expo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Information technology is an industry that has always experienced change, and the dramatic change sweeping across the industry today could not be truthfully described as the first time we've seen such widespread change impacting customer investments. However, the rate of the change, and the potential outcomes from today's digital transformation has the distinct potential to separate the industry into two camps: Organizations that see the change coming, embrace it, and successful leverage it; and...
In IT, we sometimes coin terms for things before we know exactly what they are and how they’ll be used. The resulting terms may capture a common set of aspirations and goals – as “cloud” did broadly for on-demand, self-service, and flexible computing. But such a term can also lump together diverse and even competing practices, technologies, and priorities to the point where important distinctions are glossed over and lost.
All clouds are not equal. To succeed in a DevOps context, organizations should plan to develop/deploy apps across a choice of on-premise and public clouds simultaneously depending on the business needs. This is where the concept of the Lean Cloud comes in - resting on the idea that you often need to relocate your app modules over their life cycles for both innovation and operational efficiency in the cloud. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at19th Cloud Expo, Valentin (Val) Bercovici, CTO of Soli...
Without a clear strategy for cost control and an architecture designed with cloud services in mind, costs and operational performance can quickly get out of control. To avoid multiple architectural redesigns requires extensive thought and planning. Boundary (now part of BMC) launched a new public-facing multi-tenant high resolution monitoring service on Amazon AWS two years ago, facing challenges and learning best practices in the early days of the new service. In his session at 19th Cloud Exp...
Predictive analytics tools monitor, report, and troubleshoot in order to make proactive decisions about the health, performance, and utilization of storage. Most enterprises combine cloud and on-premise storage, resulting in blended environments of physical, virtual, cloud, and other platforms, which justifies more sophisticated storage analytics. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Peter McCallum, Vice President of Datacenter Solutions at FalconStor, discussed using predictive analytics to mon...
Keeping pace with advancements in software delivery processes and tooling is taxing even for the most proficient organizations. Point tools, platforms, open source and the increasing adoption of private and public cloud services requires strong engineering rigor – all in the face of developer demands to use the tools of choice. As Agile has settled in as a mainstream practice, now DevOps has emerged as the next wave to improve software delivery speed and output. To make DevOps work, organization...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo 2016 in New York. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with 20th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry p...
20th Cloud Expo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy.
Traditional on-premises data centers have long been the domain of modern data platforms like Apache Hadoop, meaning companies who build their business on public cloud were challenged to run Big Data processing and analytics at scale. But recent advancements in Hadoop performance, security, and most importantly cloud-native integrations, are giving organizations the ability to truly gain value from all their data. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, David Tishgart, Director of Product Marketing ...
Join Impiger for their featured webinar: ‘Cloud Computing: A Roadmap to Modern Software Delivery’ on November 10, 2016, at 12:00 pm CST. Very few companies have not experienced some impact to their IT delivery due to the evolution of cloud computing. This webinar is not about deciding whether you should entertain moving some or all of your IT to the cloud, but rather, a detailed look under the hood to help IT professionals understand how cloud adoption has evolved and what trends will impact th...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. @ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.
"ReadyTalk is an audio and web video conferencing provider. We've really come to embrace WebRTC as the platform for our future of technology," explained Dan Cunningham, CTO of ReadyTalk, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at WebRTC Summit at 19th Cloud Expo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.