Welcome!

IoT User Interface Authors: Dana Gardner, AppDynamics Blog, Liz McMillan, Leon Adato, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: Agile Computing, Industrial IoT, Open Source Cloud, API Journal, IoT User Interface, Cloud Security

Agile Computing: Blog Post

Using Taxonomy to Drive Online Contextual Advertising with Sophializer

Classifying Web Content to the IAB Taxonomy

It’s a Big Market …
…  online advertising.  There are 10,000 stories and data points about it.  Here are two to give some context to the journey below.  First, global online ad spending is projected by ZenithOptimedia to exceed print ad spend by 2015 (note 1).  This 2015 projected spend figure for online advertising is $132.4 billion.  Second, global online ad revenue is projected by another research agency, Digital TV Research, to hit $143 billion by 2017 (note 2).

These are prodigious amounts of money for companies to spend to connect with customers.  But … surely it’s easy to connect online customers to web content featuring, or suggesting, products? And surely, online is “better”?  Where can, and do, taxonomy-based approaches add value to this dance of moving (emotional and semantic) parts between the intentful consumer poised to shop and the intentful marketer with honed content?

Online Ad Targeting is Easy … so 'They' Say …
Really?  So what might be “easy”?  And, indeed, “better”?  Let’s unbundle these simulacra that look like very fuzzy concepts, and as ontologists and knowledge engineers let’s think our way forward with the concept of “precision”.

So … online is more precise than billboards by freeways?  Lightly stated, online has advantages.  What about magazine print ads vs. online?  Online has potential advantages. But … and this is a very big but … in both these cases (and all others) online depends on connecting potential customers to products, their features, their benefits, their attributes and so on precisely, and with precision that is repeatable and extensible.  Rather than random (random is the most expensive way to advertise and has fallen out of favor).  And, since online copy and online ads are words (including in videos) and are semantically classifiable, and since classifications can be organized into models (taxonomies and ontologies) … then there are advantages to be created through the combination of semantic analysis, categorization and taxonomy.

Now, let’s connect taxonomy, classification, semantics and optimizing online ad targeting.  There are a host of holy grails currently being sought in the web/mobile/social uber-ecosystem.  Some are well found, though not perfect, and are unlikely to traverse through a paradigmatic improvement.  Think ‘search’.  Others are most definitely not found (yet).  Given the size of the market outlined in the first paragraph, the rewards are huge to those with the tools and skillsets that know how to work with semantics, taxonomy/ontology, classification of content to taxonomy, and design of taxonomies to drive online targeting.

New Approaches to Classifying to the IAB Taxonomy with Sophializer
Sophia Search
is a recent entrant into this space.  (I have written about them before here.   Sophia Search’s tool – currently called the ‘Sophializer’ – categorizes any URL to nodes in the Internet Advertising Bureau (IAB) taxonomy.  Sophializer can also classify content of ads (and so create a semantic/conceptual ‘signature’ for each). The IAB Contextual Taxonomy comprises three levels:

  • Tier 1 – 23 nodes
  • Tier 2 – 371 nodes
  • Tier 3 – unspecified and vendor specific

Given that Sophializer categorizes both sides of this content dance – web page and ad – web properties can serve ads to any page automatically using the IAB taxonomy as the cross-mapping conceptual foundation.

Sophializer not only classifies to Tier 1 and Tier 2 it also discovers/generates robust classifications that can be used to customize Tier 3 for individual customers.

Benefits of Using Taxonomy for Ad Targeting
Taxonomy gives a framework to this kind of semantic work.  Essentially, we are cross-mapping both partners of this content dance – content and ad - using the IAB taxonomy  as a “choreographer” of sorts.  Other taxonomies could be used.  In fact, multiple taxonomies could be used – and this would be particularly powerful if these taxonomies were cross-mapped to each other.  For example, if you have content (web page, say, or ad) categorized and mapped to Taxonomy A and Taxonomy A is cross-mapped to the IAB taxonomy … then … you can propagate these ads to content that is already categorized.

Benefits of Using Categorization Tools to Assign Marketing Content to Taxonomy Nodes
There are a number of different methods of assigning content to nodes in any taxonomy –

  • Manually
  • Training sets of documents (training documents are most often manually selected as exemplars)
  • Categorization algorithms that work with semantic tokens

There is more than enough to say on each of these around methods, workflows, best practices and pitfalls for a blog post on each.  But not here.

Sophializer utilizes patented and proprietary algorithms in the core of their categorization engine.  Two fundamental points are worth, briefly, focusing on.  Firstly, different categorization engines use different patented technologies.  “Quality” from different categorizers is (very) variable.  Which is why it is important to carry out “Proofs of Concept” when evaluating this technology.

Secondly, the more semantically rich the taxonomy – e.g. fully enriched with synonyms and other types of evidence terms – the better “quality” one gets with any method of associating content to taxonomy nodes.   Both of these parameters are make-or-break (literally) in using semantics to target online ads.

Learn More 2.0
The Google Display Network is IAB Certified and complies with the top 2 tiers of the IAB Contextual Taxonomy.  You can read details of what Google do here and this also navigates you to the Google mapping to the IAB taxonomy Tier 1 and Tier 2.

Sophia Search currently has a number of engagements on the web that are live.  For example, targeting ads for non-fiction books (from a major publishing house) to news stories (on a pre-eminent news site).  You can contact them for details.

This is not an empty space.  Other companies are also searching for the holy grail of taxonomy-based content targeting mediated by content categorization that works.  See, for example, see ADmantX (http://blog.admantx.com/post/15726823528/a-new-iab-based-taxonomy-and-an...).

This whole space is an excellent example of where the application of the nexus of taxonomy, categorization and semantics will provide stratospheric business benefit.  Grails are waiting to be found here.

Notes
Note 1.  See ZenithOprimedia

The detailed ZenithOptimedia figures can be found here

Note 2.  See Hollywood Reporter

You can download the Digital TV Research press release about these figures here

@CloudExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ericsson has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Ericsson is a world leader in the rapidly changing environment of communications technology – providing equipment, software and services to enable transformation through mobility. Some 40 percent of global mobile traffic runs through networks we have supplied. More than 1 billion subscribers around the world re...
There is an ever-growing explosion of new devices that are connected to the Internet using “cloud” solutions. This rapid growth is creating a massive new demand for efficient access to data. And it’s not just about connecting to that data anymore. This new demand is bringing new issues and challenges and it is important for companies to scale for the coming growth. And with that scaling comes the need for greater security, gathering and data analysis, storage, connectivity and, of course, the...
SYS-CON Events announced today that DatacenterDynamics has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7–9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. DatacenterDynamics is a brand of DCD Group, a global B2B media and publishing company that develops products to help senior professionals in the world's most ICT dependent organizations make risk-based infrastructure and capacity decisions.
Between the mockups and specs produced by analysts, and resulting applications built by developers, there exists a gulf where projects fail, costs spiral, and applications disappoint. Methodologies like Agile attempt to address this with intensified communication, with partial success but many limitations. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Charles Kendrick, CTO & Chief Architect at Isomorphic Software, will present a revolutionary model enabled by new technologies. Learn how business and devel...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Peak 10, Inc., a national IT infrastructure and cloud services provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Peak 10 provides reliable, tailored data center and network services, cloud and managed services. Its solutions are designed to scale and adapt to customers’ changing business needs, enabling them to lower costs, improve performance and focus inter...
You think you know what’s in your data. But do you? Most organizations are now aware of the business intelligence represented by their data. Data science stands to take this to a level you never thought of – literally. The techniques of data science, when used with the capabilities of Big Data technologies, can make connections you had not yet imagined, helping you discover new insights and ask new questions of your data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sarbjit Sarkaria, data science team lead ...
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, will provide tips on how to be successful in large scale machine lear...
If there is anything we have learned by now, is that every business paves their own unique path for releasing software- every pipeline, implementation and practices are a bit different, and DevOps comes in all shapes and sizes. Software delivery practices are often comprised of set of several complementing (or even competing) methodologies – such as leveraging Agile, DevOps and even a mix of ITIL, to create the combination that’s most suitable for your organization and that maximize your busines...
Struggling to keep up with increasing application demand? Learn how Platform as a Service (PaaS) can streamline application development processes and make resource management easy.
Whether your IoT service is connecting cars, homes, appliances, wearable, cameras or other devices, one question hangs in the balance – how do you actually make money from this service? The ability to turn your IoT service into profit requires the ability to create a monetization strategy that is flexible, scalable and working for you in real-time. It must be a transparent, smoothly implemented strategy that all stakeholders – from customers to the board – will be able to understand and comprehe...
See storage differently! Storage performance problems have only gotten worse and harder to solve as applications have become largely virtualized and moved to a cloud-based infrastructure. Storage performance in a virtualized environment is not just about IOPS, it is about how well that potential performance is guaranteed to individual VMs for these apps as the number of VMs keep going up real time. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Dhiraj Sehgal, in product and marketing at Tintri, will discu...
Machine Learning helps make complex systems more efficient. By applying advanced Machine Learning techniques such as Cognitive Fingerprinting, wind project operators can utilize these tools to learn from collected data, detect regular patterns, and optimize their own operations. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Stuart Gillen, Director of Business Development at SparkCognition, will discuss how research has demonstrated the value of Machine Learning in delivering next generation analytics to im...
Up until last year, enterprises that were looking into cloud services usually undertook a long-term pilot with one of the large cloud providers, running test and dev workloads in the cloud. With cloud’s transition to mainstream adoption in 2015, and with enterprises migrating more and more workloads into the cloud and in between public and private environments, the single-provider approach must be revisited. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Yoav Mor, multi-cloud solution evangelist at Cloudy...
This is not a small hotel event. It is also not a big vendor party where politicians and entertainers are more important than real content. This is Cloud Expo, the world's longest-running conference and exhibition focused on Cloud Computing and all that it entails. If you want serious presentations and valuable insight about Cloud Computing for three straight days, then register now for Cloud Expo.
Redis is not only the fastest database, but it has become the most popular among the new wave of applications running in containers. Redis speeds up just about every data interaction between your users or operational systems. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Dave Nielsen, Developer Relations at Redis Labs, will shares the functions and data structures used to solve everyday use cases that are driving Redis' popularity.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Stratoscale, the software company developing the next generation data center operating system, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Stratoscale is revolutionizing the data center with a zero-to-cloud-in-minutes solution. With Stratoscale’s hardware-agnostic, Software Defined Data Center (SDDC) solution to store everything, run anything and scale everywhere...
Many private cloud projects were built to deliver self-service access to development and test resources. While those clouds delivered faster access to resources, they lacked visibility, control and security needed for production deployments. In their session at 18th Cloud Expo, Steve Anderson, Product Manager at BMC Software, and Rick Lefort, Principal Technical Marketing Consultant at BMC Software, will discuss how a cloud designed for production operations not only helps accelerate developer...
Angular 2 is a complete re-write of the popular framework AngularJS. Programming in Angular 2 is greatly simplified – now it's a component-based well-performing framework. This immersive one-day workshop at 18th Cloud Expo, led by Yakov Fain, a Java Champion and a co-founder of the IT consultancy Farata Systems and the product company SuranceBay, will provide you with everything you wanted to know about Angular 2.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Men & Mice, the leading global provider of DNS, DHCP and IP address management overlay solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. The Men & Mice Suite overlay solution is already known for its powerful application in heterogeneous operating environments, enabling enterprises to scale without fuss. Building on a solid range of diverse platform support,...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Enzu, a leading provider of cloud hosting solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Enzu’s mission is to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud solutions worldwide. Enzu enables online businesses to use its IT infrastructure to their competitive advantage. By offering a suite of proven hosting and management services, Enzu wants companies to foc...