Machine Learning Authors: Pat Romanski, Jason Bloomberg, Yeshim Deniz, Liz McMillan, William Schmarzo

Related Topics: Java IoT, Microsoft Cloud, @CloudExpo

Java IoT: Article

PaaS: .NET vs Java EE

Java EE PaaS options

Windows Azure and PaaS for the .NET World
Ever since the beginning of this century a comparison between the platform capabilities of Java EE (Java Enterprise Edition) and Microsoft .NET has been a common discussion when choosing an enterprise platforms.

With the advent of Cloud, Microsoft has taken a lead with the Windows Azure PaaS (Platform as a Service).

Many key decision makers for cloud enablement now have questions on how good an equivalent the Java EE platform could be.

Windows Azure Stack
From a platform perspective Windows Azure provides a complete list of options that are available to.NET developers  in a  ‘On Premise' setup, which includes:

  • Full support for .NET framework and languages like C#, Visual Basic
  • Web development using ASP.NET
  • Distributed processing using WCF (Windows Communication Framework)
  • Enterprise database support with SQL Azure
  • Data access services using ADO.NET and LINQ
  • Rich Internet Application support using Silverlight

Above all is out-of-the box support from .NET IDE VisualStudio, which provides customized templates for the development and deployment of applications to cloud.

Windows Azure acts as a robust PaaS in the sense that with the support from Visual Studio we could develop, configure and publish a package from an end-to-end perspective to the Azure platform.

Java EE PaaS Options
The Java counterpart of the .NET platform, referred to earlier as J2EE, is now called  Java EE and it offers several enterprise class features for multi-tiered enterprise development. Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 6 is the industry standard for enterprise Java computing. Utilize the new, lightweight Java EE 6 Web Profile to create next-generation web applications, and the full power of the Java EE 6 platform for enterprise applications. Developers will benefit from productivity improvements with more annotations, more POJOs, simplified packaging, and less XML configuration. The following are some of the PaaS offering for Java EE in Cloud.

1. Google App Engine for Java
Google App Engine enables you to build and host web apps on the same systems that power Google applications. App Engine offers fast development and deployment; simple administration, with no need to worry about hardware, patches or backups; and effortless scalability.

Google App Engine provides a PaaS environment for both Java EE and Python. The following features are supported especially for Java EE:

  • The Java environment provides a Java 6 JVM, a Java Servlets interface, and support for standard interfaces to the App Engine scalable datastore and services, such as JDO, JPA, JavaMail, and JCache.
  • Much like Visual Studio for Azure, Google App Engine for the Java EE Platform is supported by the Eclipse IDE for simplified development and deployment of Java EE applications.

Unsupported Features in Google App Engine:

  • Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is not supported as part of the Google Apps Engine
  • A UI development framework like JSF (JavaServer Faces) is not directly supported
  • Other Java EE standards like JMS (Messaging Service) and Web Service Specifications

2. Makara (Red Hat) PaaS Platform
The Makara Cloud Application Platform is the first intelligent auto-scaling solution for applications in the cloud that doesn't require templates to be tweaked or scripts to be written and maintained. Create rich, collaborative Custom Cloud 2 apps fast without buying hardware or installing software. Force.com provide a complete platform with a simplified programming model.

The Makara Platform enables organizations to deploy, manage, monitor and scale their Java and LAMP applications on both public and private clouds, such as Amazon EC2 and VMware-based Clouds, without any modifications.

Currently supported software components include:

  • Apache
  • MySQL
  • PHP
  • Java
  • Tomcat
  • JBoss

Much like the Google App Engine, enterprise Java EE features such as JMS and EJB are not available in the Makara platform and also the reference implementations and case studies have yet to evolve.

3. Force.com
SalesForce is a leading provider of the SaaS platform for customer relationship management on Cloud. They also have a PaaS offering Force.com that give developers a platform to create rich, collaborative Custom Cloud 2 apps fast without buying hardware or installing software. Force.com provides a complete platform with a simplified programming model.

The development platform of Force.com, called Apex, is ‘Java Like' but not truly Java.

With Force.com, you get a full enterprise application development stack including a complete user interface to your data, comprehensive reporting and analytic capabilities, a flexible security and sharing model, and workflow and approvals - all available and integrated from the start. You can even leverage extended features such as built-in internationalization, full support for mobile devices, and integration with existing systems.

Some of the pros that makes it convenient for Java EE developers are :

  • Eclipse-based IDE
  • Syntax similar to Java EE
  • Web services support
  • Standard MVC design
  • HTML and other web technologies such as AJAX and CSS

From a classic perspective, Force.com is not a Java EE platform but the similarities are enough for it to be considered as a PaaS choice by Java EE developers.

4. Amazon EC2 + IBM Stack
This is not a PaaS offering but rather a customized IaaS offering. However, for the sake of choice for Java EE on Cloud, this is still a strong contender.

Amazon EC2 presents a true virtual computing environment that allows you to use web service interfaces to launch instances with a variety of operating systems, load them with your custom application environment, manage your network's access permissions, and run your image using as many or few systems as you desire.

Amazon EC2 enables partners and customers to build and customize Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) with software based on their needs. IBM and Amazon Web Services have teamed up to provide the ability to use Amazon EC2 to run several IBM platform technologies such as WebSphere Application Server, which provides a Java EE platform.

Java EE PaaS offerings are evolving and we'll see more players in the future. However, due to full support from the Azure platform, .NET as a PaaS is fully mature. But the above mentioned Java EE PaaS will support developer needs.

More Stories By Srinivasan Sundara Rajan

Highly passionate about utilizing Digital Technologies to enable next generation enterprise. Believes in enterprise transformation through the Natives (Cloud Native & Mobile Native).

@CloudExpo Stories
DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City and will bring together Cloud Computing, FinTech and Blockchain, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, AI, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location.
@DevOpsSummit New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises - and delivering real results.
The dynamic nature of the cloud means that change is a constant when it comes to modern cloud-based infrastructure. Delivering modern applications to end users, therefore, is a constantly shifting challenge. Delivery automation helps IT Ops teams ensure that apps are providing an optimal end user experience over hybrid-cloud and multi-cloud environments, no matter what the current state of the infrastructure is. To employ a delivery automation strategy that reflects your business rules, making r...
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
"We started a Master of Science in business analytics - that's the hot topic. We serve the business community around San Francisco so we educate the working professionals and this is where they all want to be," explained Judy Lee, Associate Professor and Department Chair at Golden Gate University, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Digital Transformation and Disruption, Amazon Style - What You Can Learn. Chris Kocher is a co-founder of Grey Heron, a management and strategic marketing consulting firm. He has 25+ years in both strategic and hands-on operating experience helping executives and investors build revenues and shareholder value. He has consulted with over 130 companies on innovating with new business models, product strategies and monetization. Chris has held management positions at HP and Symantec in addition to ...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Dez Blanchfield joined the faculty of CloudEXPO's "10-Year Anniversary Event" which will take place on November 11-13, 2018 in New York City. Dez is a strategic leader in business and digital transformation with 25 years of experience in the IT and telecommunications industries developing strategies and implementing business initiatives. He has a breadth of expertise spanning technologies such as cloud computing, big data and analytics, cognitive computing, m...
Cloud-enabled transformation has evolved from cost saving measure to business innovation strategy -- one that combines the cloud with cognitive capabilities to drive market disruption. Learn how you can achieve the insight and agility you need to gain a competitive advantage. Industry-acclaimed CTO and cloud expert, Shankar Kalyana presents. Only the most exceptional IBMers are appointed with the rare distinction of IBM Fellow, the highest technical honor in the company. Shankar has also receive...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Kevin Jackson joined the faculty of CloudEXPO's "10-Year Anniversary Event" which will take place on November 11-13, 2018 in New York City. Kevin L. Jackson is a globally recognized cloud computing expert and Founder/Author of the award winning "Cloud Musings" blog. Mr. Jackson has also been recognized as a "Top 100 Cybersecurity Influencer and Brand" by Onalytica (2015), a Huffington Post "Top 100 Cloud Computing Experts on Twitter" (2013) and a "Top 50 C...
Daniel Jones is CTO of EngineerBetter, helping enterprises deliver value faster. Previously he was an IT consultant, indie video games developer, head of web development in the finance sector, and an award-winning martial artist. Continuous Delivery makes it possible to exploit findings of cognitive psychology and neuroscience to increase the productivity and happiness of our teams.
There is a huge demand for responsive, real-time mobile and web experiences, but current architectural patterns do not easily accommodate applications that respond to events in real time. Common solutions using message queues or HTTP long-polling quickly lead to resiliency, scalability and development velocity challenges. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ryland Degnan, a Senior Software Engineer on the Netflix Edge Platform team, will discuss how by leveraging a reactive stream-based protocol,...
Enterprises have taken advantage of IoT to achieve important revenue and cost advantages. What is less apparent is how incumbent enterprises operating at scale have, following success with IoT, built analytic, operations management and software development capabilities - ranging from autonomous vehicles to manageable robotics installations. They have embraced these capabilities as if they were Silicon Valley startups.
The standardization of container runtimes and images has sparked the creation of an almost overwhelming number of new open source projects that build on and otherwise work with these specifications. Of course, there's Kubernetes, which orchestrates and manages collections of containers. It was one of the first and best-known examples of projects that make containers truly useful for production use. However, more recently, the container ecosystem has truly exploded. A service mesh like Istio addr...
Predicting the future has never been more challenging - not because of the lack of data but because of the flood of ungoverned and risk laden information. Microsoft states that 2.5 exabytes of data are created every day. Expectations and reliance on data are being pushed to the limits, as demands around hybrid options continue to grow.
Business professionals no longer wonder if they'll migrate to the cloud; it's now a matter of when. The cloud environment has proved to be a major force in transitioning to an agile business model that enables quick decisions and fast implementation that solidify customer relationships. And when the cloud is combined with the power of cognitive computing, it drives innovation and transformation that achieves astounding competitive advantage.
Poor data quality and analytics drive down business value. In fact, Gartner estimated that the average financial impact of poor data quality on organizations is $9.7 million per year. But bad data is much more than a cost center. By eroding trust in information, analytics and the business decisions based on these, it is a serious impediment to digital transformation.
Digital Transformation: Preparing Cloud & IoT Security for the Age of Artificial Intelligence. As automation and artificial intelligence (AI) power solution development and delivery, many businesses need to build backend cloud capabilities. Well-poised organizations, marketing smart devices with AI and BlockChain capabilities prepare to refine compliance and regulatory capabilities in 2018. Volumes of health, financial, technical and privacy data, along with tightening compliance requirements by...
Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settlement products to hedge funds and investment banks. After, he co-founded a revenue cycle management company where he learned about Bitcoin and eventually Ethereal. Andrew's role at ConsenSys Enterprise is a mul...
"NetApp is known as a data management leader but we do a lot more than just data management on-prem with the data centers of our customers. We're also big in the hybrid cloud," explained Wes Talbert, Principal Architect at NetApp, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"Since we launched LinuxONE we learned a lot from our customers. More than anything what they responded to were some very unique security capabilities that we have," explained Mark Figley, Director of LinuxONE Offerings at IBM, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.