Welcome!

IoT User Interface Authors: Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, William Schmarzo, Rishi Bhargava

Related Topics: Java IoT, Microsoft Cloud, @CloudExpo

Java IoT: Article

PaaS: .NET vs Java EE

Java EE PaaS options

Windows Azure and PaaS for the .NET World
Ever since the beginning of this century a comparison between the platform capabilities of Java EE (Java Enterprise Edition) and Microsoft .NET has been a common discussion when choosing an enterprise platforms.

With the advent of Cloud, Microsoft has taken a lead with the Windows Azure PaaS (Platform as a Service).

Many key decision makers for cloud enablement now have questions on how good an equivalent the Java EE platform could be.

Windows Azure Stack
From a platform perspective Windows Azure provides a complete list of options that are available to.NET developers  in a  ‘On Premise' setup, which includes:

  • Full support for .NET framework and languages like C#, Visual Basic
  • Web development using ASP.NET
  • Distributed processing using WCF (Windows Communication Framework)
  • Enterprise database support with SQL Azure
  • Data access services using ADO.NET and LINQ
  • Rich Internet Application support using Silverlight

Above all is out-of-the box support from .NET IDE VisualStudio, which provides customized templates for the development and deployment of applications to cloud.

Windows Azure acts as a robust PaaS in the sense that with the support from Visual Studio we could develop, configure and publish a package from an end-to-end perspective to the Azure platform.

Java EE PaaS Options
The Java counterpart of the .NET platform, referred to earlier as J2EE, is now called  Java EE and it offers several enterprise class features for multi-tiered enterprise development. Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 6 is the industry standard for enterprise Java computing. Utilize the new, lightweight Java EE 6 Web Profile to create next-generation web applications, and the full power of the Java EE 6 platform for enterprise applications. Developers will benefit from productivity improvements with more annotations, more POJOs, simplified packaging, and less XML configuration. The following are some of the PaaS offering for Java EE in Cloud.

1. Google App Engine for Java
Google App Engine enables you to build and host web apps on the same systems that power Google applications. App Engine offers fast development and deployment; simple administration, with no need to worry about hardware, patches or backups; and effortless scalability.

Google App Engine provides a PaaS environment for both Java EE and Python. The following features are supported especially for Java EE:

  • The Java environment provides a Java 6 JVM, a Java Servlets interface, and support for standard interfaces to the App Engine scalable datastore and services, such as JDO, JPA, JavaMail, and JCache.
  • Much like Visual Studio for Azure, Google App Engine for the Java EE Platform is supported by the Eclipse IDE for simplified development and deployment of Java EE applications.

Unsupported Features in Google App Engine:

  • Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is not supported as part of the Google Apps Engine
  • A UI development framework like JSF (JavaServer Faces) is not directly supported
  • Other Java EE standards like JMS (Messaging Service) and Web Service Specifications

2. Makara (Red Hat) PaaS Platform
The Makara Cloud Application Platform is the first intelligent auto-scaling solution for applications in the cloud that doesn't require templates to be tweaked or scripts to be written and maintained. Create rich, collaborative Custom Cloud 2 apps fast without buying hardware or installing software. Force.com provide a complete platform with a simplified programming model.

The Makara Platform enables organizations to deploy, manage, monitor and scale their Java and LAMP applications on both public and private clouds, such as Amazon EC2 and VMware-based Clouds, without any modifications.

Currently supported software components include:

  • Apache
  • MySQL
  • PHP
  • Java
  • Tomcat
  • JBoss

Much like the Google App Engine, enterprise Java EE features such as JMS and EJB are not available in the Makara platform and also the reference implementations and case studies have yet to evolve.

3. Force.com
SalesForce is a leading provider of the SaaS platform for customer relationship management on Cloud. They also have a PaaS offering Force.com that give developers a platform to create rich, collaborative Custom Cloud 2 apps fast without buying hardware or installing software. Force.com provides a complete platform with a simplified programming model.

The development platform of Force.com, called Apex, is ‘Java Like' but not truly Java.

With Force.com, you get a full enterprise application development stack including a complete user interface to your data, comprehensive reporting and analytic capabilities, a flexible security and sharing model, and workflow and approvals - all available and integrated from the start. You can even leverage extended features such as built-in internationalization, full support for mobile devices, and integration with existing systems.

Some of the pros that makes it convenient for Java EE developers are :

  • Eclipse-based IDE
  • Syntax similar to Java EE
  • Web services support
  • Standard MVC design
  • HTML and other web technologies such as AJAX and CSS

From a classic perspective, Force.com is not a Java EE platform but the similarities are enough for it to be considered as a PaaS choice by Java EE developers.

4. Amazon EC2 + IBM Stack
This is not a PaaS offering but rather a customized IaaS offering. However, for the sake of choice for Java EE on Cloud, this is still a strong contender.

Amazon EC2 presents a true virtual computing environment that allows you to use web service interfaces to launch instances with a variety of operating systems, load them with your custom application environment, manage your network's access permissions, and run your image using as many or few systems as you desire.

Amazon EC2 enables partners and customers to build and customize Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) with software based on their needs. IBM and Amazon Web Services have teamed up to provide the ability to use Amazon EC2 to run several IBM platform technologies such as WebSphere Application Server, which provides a Java EE platform.

Conclusion
Java EE PaaS offerings are evolving and we'll see more players in the future. However, due to full support from the Azure platform, .NET as a PaaS is fully mature. But the above mentioned Java EE PaaS will support developer needs.

More Stories By Srinivasan Sundara Rajan

Highly passionate about utilizing Digital Technologies to enable next generation enterprise. Believes in enterprise transformation through the Natives (Cloud Native & Mobile Native).

@CloudExpo Stories
"We build IoT infrastructure products - when you have to integrate different devices, different systems and cloud you have to build an application to do that but we eliminate the need to build an application. Our products can integrate any device, any system, any cloud regardless of protocol," explained Peter Jung, Chief Product Officer at Pulzze Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Keeping pace with advancements in software delivery processes and tooling is taxing even for the most proficient organizations. Point tools, platforms, open source and the increasing adoption of private and public cloud services requires strong engineering rigor – all in the face of developer demands to use the tools of choice. As Agile has settled in as a mainstream practice, now DevOps has emerged as the next wave to improve software delivery speed and output. To make DevOps work, organization...
Get deep visibility into the performance of your databases and expert advice for performance optimization and tuning. You can't get application performance without database performance. Give everyone on the team a comprehensive view of how every aspect of the system affects performance across SQL database operations, host server and OS, virtualization resources and storage I/O. Quickly find bottlenecks and troubleshoot complex problems.
Internet of @ThingsExpo has announced today that Chris Matthieu has been named tech chair of Internet of @ThingsExpo 2017 New York The 7th Internet of @ThingsExpo will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York. Chris Matthieu is the co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, a revolutionary real-time IoT platform recently acquired by Citrix. Octoblu connects things, systems, people and clouds to a global mesh network allowing users to automate and control design flo...
"We are an all-flash array storage provider but our focus has been on VM-aware storage specifically for virtualized applications," stated Dhiraj Sehgal of Tintri in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 19th Cloud Expo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
With 15% of enterprises adopting a hybrid IT strategy, you need to set a plan to integrate hybrid cloud throughout your infrastructure. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Steven Dreher, Director of Solutions Architecture at Green House Data, discussed how to plan for shifting resource requirements, overcome challenges, and implement hybrid IT alongside your existing data center assets. Highlights included anticipating workload, cost and resource calculations, integrating services on both sides...
Unless your company can spend a lot of money on new technology, re-engineering your environment and hiring a comprehensive cybersecurity team, you will most likely move to the cloud or seek external service partnerships. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Darren Guccione, CEO of Keeper Security, revealed what you need to know when it comes to encryption in the cloud.
"We're a cybersecurity firm that specializes in engineering security solutions both at the software and hardware level. Security cannot be an after-the-fact afterthought, which is what it's become," stated Richard Blech, Chief Executive Officer at Secure Channels, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
According to Forrester Research, every business will become either a digital predator or digital prey by 2020. To avoid demise, organizations must rapidly create new sources of value in their end-to-end customer experiences. True digital predators also must break down information and process silos and extend digital transformation initiatives to empower employees with the digital resources needed to win, serve, and retain customers.
"We are the public cloud providers. We are currently providing 50% of the resources they need for doing e-commerce business in China and we are hosting about 60% of mobile gaming in China," explained Yi Zheng, CPO and VP of Engineering at CDS Global Cloud, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 19th Cloud Expo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The WebRTC Summit New York, to be held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, announces that its Call for Papers is now open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 20th International Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo. WebRTC is the future of browser-to-browser communications, and continues to make inroads into the traditional, difficult, plug-in web co...
Between 2005 and 2020, data volumes will grow by a factor of 300 – enough data to stack CDs from the earth to the moon 162 times. This has come to be known as the ‘big data’ phenomenon. Unfortunately, traditional approaches to handling, storing and analyzing data aren’t adequate at this scale: they’re too costly, slow and physically cumbersome to keep up. Fortunately, in response a new breed of technology has emerged that is cheaper, faster and more scalable. Yet, in meeting these new needs they...
When it comes to cloud computing, the ability to turn massive amounts of compute cores on and off on demand sounds attractive to IT staff, who need to manage peaks and valleys in user activity. With cloud bursting, the majority of the data can stay on premises while tapping into compute from public cloud providers, reducing risk and minimizing need to move large files. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Scott Jeschonek, Director of Product Management at Avere Systems, discussed the IT and busin...
The Internet of Things (IoT) promises to simplify and streamline our lives by automating routine tasks that distract us from our goals. This promise is based on the ubiquitous deployment of smart, connected devices that link everything from industrial control systems to automobiles to refrigerators. Unfortunately, comparatively few of the devices currently deployed have been developed with an eye toward security, and as the DDoS attacks of late October 2016 have demonstrated, this oversight can ...
What happens when the different parts of a vehicle become smarter than the vehicle itself? As we move toward the era of smart everything, hundreds of entities in a vehicle that communicate with each other, the vehicle and external systems create a need for identity orchestration so that all entities work as a conglomerate. Much like an orchestra without a conductor, without the ability to secure, control, and connect the link between a vehicle’s head unit, devices, and systems and to manage the ...
"Once customers get a year into their IoT deployments, they start to realize that they may have been shortsighted in the ways they built out their deployment and the key thing I see a lot of people looking at is - how can I take equipment data, pull it back in an IoT solution and show it in a dashboard," stated Dave McCarthy, Director of Products at Bsquare Corporation, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
In his session at Cloud Expo, Robert Cohen, an economist and senior fellow at the Economic Strategy Institute, provideed economic scenarios that describe how the rapid adoption of software-defined everything including cloud services, SDDC and open networking will change GDP, industry growth, productivity and jobs. This session also included a drill down for several industries such as finance, social media, cloud service providers and pharmaceuticals.
In IT, we sometimes coin terms for things before we know exactly what they are and how they’ll be used. The resulting terms may capture a common set of aspirations and goals – as “cloud” did broadly for on-demand, self-service, and flexible computing. But such a term can also lump together diverse and even competing practices, technologies, and priorities to the point where important distinctions are glossed over and lost.
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, discussed the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
All clouds are not equal. To succeed in a DevOps context, organizations should plan to develop/deploy apps across a choice of on-premise and public clouds simultaneously depending on the business needs. This is where the concept of the Lean Cloud comes in - resting on the idea that you often need to relocate your app modules over their life cycles for both innovation and operational efficiency in the cloud. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at19th Cloud Expo, Valentin (Val) Bercovici, CTO of Soli...